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  • Writer's pictureMarie S.

Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs) As the backbone Of The Economy

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of many economies around the world. They account for a significant share of employment, output, and innovation. In Liberia, SMEs are particularly important, as they play a vital role in the country's economic recovery and development.

The Role of SMEs in Liberia's Economy

SMEs account for a significant share of Liberia's economy. According to the Liberian Ministry of Commerce and Industry, SMEs account for 90% of all businesses in Liberia, and they employ over 80% of the country's workforce. SMEs also contribute a significant share of Liberia's GDP. In 2017, SMEs contributed 55% of Liberia's GDP. SMEs are important for Liberia's economic recovery and development. They can help to create jobs, boost exports, and promote innovation. SMEs are also more likely to be located in rural areas, where they can help to reduce poverty and inequality.

Challenges Facing SMEs in Liberia

SMEs in Liberia face a number of challenges. These challenges include:

  • Access to finance. SMEs often have difficulty accessing finance, as they are seen as high-risk investments by banks. This can make it difficult for SMEs to start or expand their businesses.

  • Infrastructure constraints. Liberia's infrastructure is underdeveloped, which can make it difficult for SMEs to operate. This includes poor roads, electricity, and internet access.

  • Regulatory environment. The regulatory environment in Liberia can be complex and burdensome for SMEs. This can discourage businesses from starting or expanding their operations.

  • Corruption. Corruption can discourage investment and trade. This can make it difficult for SMEs to succeed in the global market.

Opportunities for SMEs in Liberia

Despite the challenges, there are also a number of opportunities for SMEs in Liberia. These opportunities include:

  • A young and growing population. Liberia has a young and growing population, which provides a potential market for SMEs.

  • A strategic location. Liberia is located on the coast of West Africa, which gives it access to a large market.

  • Abundant natural resources. Liberia has abundant natural resources, such as timber, iron ore, and rubber. These resources can be used by SMEs to create jobs and boost exports.

Policies to Support SME Development

The Liberian government has implemented a number of policies to support SME development. These policies include:

  • The Small Business Development Agency (SBDA). The SBDA is a government agency that provides financial and technical assistance to SMEs.

  • The Liberia Enterprise Development Center (LEDC). The LEDC is a non-profit organization that provides training and mentoring to SMEs.

  • The Liberian Investment Commission (LIC). The LIC is a government agency that promotes investment in Liberia. The LIC provides information and assistance to investors, including SMEs.

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in Liberia's economic development and diversification. SMEs contribute to job creation, income generation, and the overall development of the economy. However, there are several challenges faced by SMEs in Liberia that limit their potential for growth and innovation.

Limited access to finance is one of the major challenges faced by SMEs in Liberia. The lack of affordable credit and financing options hinders SMEs from investing in their businesses, expanding operations, and pursuing innovative ventures. In addition, SMEs may face difficulties in navigating complex regulatory environments and complying with tax requirements, which can create barriers to growth and discourage new entrepreneurs from entering the market.

Despite these challenges, there are opportunities for growth and innovation for SMEs in Liberia, especially in areas such as digital technology, agriculture, and manufacturing. The adoption of digital technologies, such as e-commerce platforms and mobile banking, can increase the reach and efficiency of SMEs and help them access new markets and serve their customers better. The agriculture sector offers significant opportunities for SMEs to engage in value-added processing and contribute to the development of agribusiness.

To support the growth and development of SMEs, the Liberian government and international organizations have implemented various policies and initiatives. For example, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of Liberia, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), established an Innovation Fund for Micro, Medium, and Small-Scale Enterprises (MSMEs) to access support for innovative waste recovery and sustainable waste management projects. The Innovation Fund aims to build on existing waste management approaches, strengthen waste management value chains, and demonstrate how sustainable waste management can contribute to job creation. The maximum funding amount available is US $32,000, and eligible organizations are invited to submit grant proposals for a 3-month project implementation period.

In conclusion, SMEs have the potential to drive economic growth and diversification in Liberia, but addressing the challenges they face and creating an enabling environment is essential for their growth and innovation. Supportive policies and targeted initiatives can help SMEs overcome barriers and capitalize on opportunities in various sectors of the economy.

SMEs are an important part of Liberia's economy. They create jobs, boost exports, and promote innovation. The Liberian government has implemented a number of policies to support SME development. These policies have helped to improve the environment for SMEs, but there is still more work to be done. By addressing the challenges facing SMEs, Liberia can create a more conducive environment for SME growth and development.


Liberian Ministry of Commerce and Industry. (2018). SME Policy and Strategy. Monrovia, Liberia: Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Small Business Development Agency. (2019). Annual Report. Monrovia, Liberia: Small Business Development Agency.

Liberia Enterprise Development Center. (2018). Annual Report. Monrovia, Liberia: Liberia Enterprise Development Center.

Liberian Investment Commission. (2018). Annual Report. Monrovia, Liberia: Liberian Investment Commission.


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